The variety of fish.
Benthic and demersal fish, mainly marine. Sedentary predators with a large head. Characterized by the ability to produce sounds, including very loud. 1 family, 22 of the genus, 78 species.
Fish-toad ( Opsanus tau ), inhabiting the Atlantic coast of North America, remarkable ability to produce sounds, the volume of which exceeds 100 decibels (the volume that causes the soreness).
The Detachment Of Wildcookie — Lophiiformes
A group of marine, mostly deep-sea fish with a remarkable appearance. The first ray of the first dorsal fin (if any) is on the head and is transformed into a special body — Illizi (“rod”) that is used to lure food into his mouth. Gill opening small, pipe-like. 18 families, 66 genera, 313 species.
Sea clowns (SEM. Antennariidae) — a typical fish of coral reefs. They are remarkably camouflaged due to its unusual appearance.
For many deep-sea angler fish typical of dwarf parasitic males. Meeting of the partners at great depth is unlikely. In these species the male tends to find a female and latch on to her mouth. After some time the male prirastaet to the DOE, most of its organs degenerate but the testes of remanent can fertilize eggs of the female. The epididymis, located posterior to the corner of the mouth of a female angler in the photo below — attached dwarf male.
European monkfish ( Lophius piscatorius ) is a species of angler fish found in the Black sea. The next two photos shows this quite large (up to 2 m.) fish, one third length of which is head. Above the upper edge of the mouth is small ilici (not visible).
Life-form that belongs to this fish, called a live trap. Entice prey, monkfish sharply opens his mouth, swallowing back a large volume of water and prey with her.
Superorder Cruciferae — Acanthopterygii
The Detachment Of Kefalovrisia — Muciliformes
Solavetivone and coastal marine (rarely freshwater fish). Lateral line in most cases missing. 1 family, 17 genera and 72 species. Important commercial fish of the Black and Azov seas.
Pilengas ( Liza haematocheilus ) is a species of mullets from the sea of Japan, was successfully acclimatized in the Black and Azov seas.
Squad Ateriniformes — Atheriniformes
Marine and freshwater, mainly small fish; most species have a silver color. 6 families, 49 genera and 312 species, mainly living in the tropical zone.
The Detachment Of Organoborane — Beloniformes
Marine fish, which are characterized by an elongated body and an elongated jaw. Dorsal and anal fins displaced posteriorly to the caudal fin. 5 families, 36 genera, 227 species.
To atomi squad is part of the family Exocoetidae — Flying fishes adapted to soaring over the water’s surface.
Ordinary garfish ( Belone belone ) is one of the remarkable fishes of the Black sea.
The Detachment Of Carposporophyte — Cyprinodontiformes
The group, which includes mostly small freshwater fish, common in ponds of America, Asia and Africa. Many of them are common aquarium and laboratory animals. The caudal fin is rounded or truncated. Often pronounced sexual dimorphism. The name is due to the fact that externally, these fish resemble carp, but, unlike them, have teeth on the jaws. 10 families, 109 genera, and about 1013 species.
The wild form of the guppy ( Lebistes reticulatus ) and at the top, males are one of the breeds created through selection and breeding the swordtail ( Xiphophorus helleri ), a wild form which has a pale green color.
Squad Steinbeisstrasse — Stephanoberyciformes
The group, which combines deep-sea marine fishes. Body usually rounded, the head is large, skull bones extremely thin. 9 families, 29 genera and 75 known species (many species are not described).
Squad Berikaoba — Beryciformes
Deep group the deep sea fish, known from Cretaceous period. 7 families, 29 genera, 144 species.
Common fangtooth ( Anoplogaster cornuta ) is a medium-sized fish, living at depths of several hundred meters in all warm seas. He has a very distinctive appearance.
Squad Solnechnogorskii — Zeiformes
A small detachment of marine fish found mainly at great depths. The body is usually narrow and high, jaw highly tensile. 6 families, 16 genera, 32 species.
The Detachment Of Krushovene — Casterosteiformes
Small and medium size fish. Mainly marine but also freshwater and brackish. The body often has an unusual shape, sometimes covered with bony plates. 11 families, 71 genus, 278 species. Typical representatives — stickleback, sea horses, pipefish.
Most of the needles — sea fish, but the fish-needle cheeky ( Syngnathus abaster ) is common in fresh waters, including in the basins of the Dnieper and Seversky Donets.
Squad Monogrammable (Literalentry) — Synbranchiformes
Mainly freshwater, occasionally marine fish with eel-like elongated body. No pelvic fins. The Gill openings are shifted to the lower half of the body, the gills may be more or less reduced. Gas exchange is accomplished due to the ingestion of air bubbles, which fall into a special fixture in the throat and intestines. 3 families, 15 genera, and 99 species.
Krasnopolsky of chobotari ( Mastacembelus erythrotaenia ) lives in South-East Asia and grows to almost 1 m.; this is a common aquarium species.
The Detachment Of Skarpenord — Scorpaeniformes
Quite a varied team, comprising mainly marine fish. Head and body covered with spines or bony plates; Nelson calls these fish “panzermuseum”. 29 families, 279 genera, species approximately 1477.
Black sea Scorpion ( Scorpaena porcus ) is one of the characteristic species of the Black sea, reaching lengths of 40 cm needle sharp spikes are dangerous because of the toxic mucus.