The interior of the red sea

The quality and diversity of corals, marine flora and fauna of the Red sea has no equal in the Northern hemisphere.

Stretching along the Egyptian coast coral reefs are a kind of vital center, which attracts many fish. The diversity of forms of corals, which may be round, flat, branched, and have other fantastic shapes and colors – from pale yellow and pink to brown and blue. But the color retain only living coral, after death, they lose their soft tissue and epithelial

only white calcium skeleton.

In the Red sea are widely distributed bottlenose dolphins, various species of striped Dolphin and killer whale. You might encounter under water with a green turtle. Amazing elongated echinoderms – sea cucumbers – live on the seabed, shark, they’re home to the coast of Sudan.

Moray eels are adapted to life on the reefs, can reach 3 meters in length and have a pretty awesome view. But, basically, if they are not teasing, they are not dangerous to humans.

Here you can find and fish-Napoleon earned its name because of a characteristic protrusion on the head that resembles a hat the French Emperor. These fish are especially numerous at the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula.

Otlichajutsja color angelfish and butterfly fish, clown fish and the Sultan.

Amazingly colorful and diverse underwater world of the red sea gladdens the lovers of scuba diving.

1. Medium size sea urchin with long and sharp needles are brown or gray.

A typical inhabitant of rocky ground.

2. Masked arothron

3. The Hawksbill sea turtle

4. Black macolor

5. Escapology abudefduf

6. Parrot fish. The female is Dark Skara

7. Escapology abudefduf or fish-Sergeant

His name they got a few vertical stripes resembling the stripes of staff Sergeant of the Royal army. Typically, these fish form significant accumulations in the shallow edge of the reef. Very curious fish. Feed on algae, zooplankton and small benthic invertebrates.

Juveniles are found among floating seaweed that sometimes collects in large flocks in calm water in bays and lagoons. Large parrot fish feed on live corals, breaking off the ends of branches powerful teeth.

Fragments of the substrate and broken corals, which get in the mouth along with algae, fray powerful pharyngeal teeth in the finest sand. This activity parrotfish is of great importance for coral community because they constantly produce huge amounts of fine coral sand.

The number of parrotfish on the reefs and along the rocky shores usually quite high, they are often the most significant component of the fish population in their biomass.

8. Male bicolor parrot and arabiska surgeons-suhali.

9. Arabian surgeon

In the family of parrot fishes includes about 80 species. Their distinguishing feature is the mouth with two sturdy fused together plate cutters, forming a “beak”, which these fish are easily crushed madrepore of hiding in search of their microscopic algae. Over large scales covered the body of a parrotfish fin rises only.

The pectoral fins are well developed, and very bright coloration varies depending on age and gender. As Gubanova, during its life parrot fish changing sex, changing from females to males. To move they use the pectoral fins. Feed on algae and are a daily way of life.

Due to its teeth, parrot fish bite and grind of mairipora by selecting them in the form of very fine sand. The activities of the parrot fish causes the formation of many coral beaches, as the annual output of sand each individual instance is a few hundred pounds. At night parrot fish sleeping in the reef hiding in the cloud of mucus, which they secrete to protect from predators.

10. Red parrot

11. Indian mackerel

12. The Hawksbill sea turtle and Indian Tamarin

13. Peacock garrupa

14. Baby prickly aratron.

Found a suitable refuge under the coral among algae in shallow water.

There’s no waves or hungry predators.

Barracudas are fish kefalovrissi and form a separate family Sphyraenidae with one rod and about 20 species. In appearance the Barracuda is very similar to pikes. They have, in General, sometimes called “sea pike”. They have a torpedo-shaped body with a large pointed head.

Mouth large, with powerful jaws lined small, sharp teeth with several groups of big canines. The lower jaw protrudes noticeably. Two small dorsal fins widely separated. A large tail fin with the fillet. All barracudas are predators and feed on fish and cephalopods.

They are excellent swimmers, able to travel long distances and make lightning fast throws. You can hunt from ambush, waiting for prey among the rocks or vegetation near the bottom, or to hunt small schooling fish (sardines, anchovies, mackerel) in the water column, teaming up to do this in small groups.

Small and young barracudas often form fairly large flocks. Barracudas live in all tropical and subtropical seas, sometimes penetrating and in temperate latitudes. Some species are kept permanently in the coastal waters, others are found both in coastal waters and the open ocean. Great Barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda), reaching two meters long, can be dangerous for divers. The inhabitants of the Islands of the Caribbean sea is considered large Barracuda are more dangerous than sharks.

15. A couple of barracudas on the reef

16. The unicorn with the nickname “fish-file”, he painted alter

17. Prickly arothron

Fish-file (painted alter) – a very bizarre fish. Reaches quite large (over a metre), but has a tiny mouth, not allowing to grab a big booty. Because of the peculiarities of his anatomy forced to eat different small worms, coral polyps and small crustaceans and mollusks.

The black sea reveals the secrets
Research expedition programme "Black sea 2006", organized by the Institute of archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the Institute for archaeological Oceanography University of Rhode island…

Continue reading →

The interior of the red sea
The quality and diversity of corals, marine flora and fauna of the Red sea has no equal in the Northern hemisphere. Stretching along the Egyptian coast coral reefs are a…

Continue reading →

The water balance of the Black sea.
The main feature of the water balance of the Black sea is a significant excess river runoff (river in the sea bring about 355 km 3 of water per year)…

Continue reading →