The fastest fish
This is not the first article about the fastest animals on the planet. We have previously written about the fastest animals living on land and the fastest birds, cut the airspace. What the main emphasis is speed, due to which animals turn to the successful “hunters”, but also many of them get the chance to escape from these “hunters”.
The special structure of the skeleton and strength of the limbs of many animals makes the fastest land creatures, also, in principle, applies to feathered friends, which in addition to everything listed above, and skillfully use air currents. And how to be with inhabitants of water expanses? That allows them to teach the title of “fastest animal” that lives in the ocean, sea or freshwater?
The sailfish (lat. Istiophorus platypterus) is the fastest fish in the world. Inhabitant of tropical and subtropical seas and oceans, also found in the Black sea, where from the Indian ocean. This fish got into the Guinness Book of records thanks to its unique structure (characteristic dorsal fin) and high speed that a sailboat can reach up to 100-109 km/h. The speed of a sailfish has been proven in tests conducted in Florida(USA). The length of a sailboat can be up to 3.5 m, weight — 100 kg.
Atlantic blue Marlin
The Atlantic blue Marlin (lat. Makaira nigricans) belongs to the family Parusnikova fish. Though they don’t have such a huge dorsal fin like a sailfish, but the speed they are almost as good. This fish grows to 4-5 m and weigh about 800 kg, but can easily outrun many species of sharks, and other creatures too. Capable of speeds up to 85 km/h. It should be noted that the image Marlin is on the coat of arms of the Bahamas and the Seychelles, also it is on the fish hunted the hero of Ernest Hemingway’s “the old Man and the sea”.
Not everyone is familiar with the fact that one of the most popular commercial fish species, namely Atlantic mackerel (lat. Scomber scombrus) are able to develop incredible speed — 75 – 80 km/h! It is with such velocity mackerel can float on time of spawning or making a throw. Mackerel inhabitant of the warm seas: the Mediterranean, Marmara and Black. During the summer swims migrations to the Baltic, White, Barents and North sea. Feeds on zooplankton and small fish.
Atlantic bluefin tuna
Atlantic bluefin tuna (lat. Thunnus thynnus) is a species which is on the brink of destruction. According to the latest data, its population is about 6-7%. Also this is one of the fastest fish on the planet. Tuna can swim at speeds up to 75 km/h. Bluefin tuna belongs to the warm-blooded fish that lives in the Barents sea and in Greenland waters, as well as in the warmer waters of the Gulf of Mexico and Indian ocean. Grows to an impressive size: in length more than 4 meters and weighing more than 500 pounds.
Blue, or blue shark
Blue, or blue shark (lat. Prionace glauca), she mokai is the most common shark in the world. This is a fairly large shark, its body length can reach 4 meters, and weigh about 200 kg Speed that can develop this predator is around 65-68 km/h. The blue shark feeds on cephalopods, bony fishes, crustaceans and even small sharks, whales and seabirds.
Dall’s porpoise (lat. Phocoenoides dalli), also known as the sea pig Dalla – predator that can grow up to 1.8-2 meters. Lives groups up to 20-30 individuals. Can swim at a speed of just over 56 to 60 km/h. In pursuit of prey are able to dive up to 500 meters. Hunts mostly at night.
Atlantic Tarpon (lat. Megalops atlanticus) is a large fish resembling the herring, but the Tarpon does not have anything to do with her. Tarpon does not apply to commercial fish, but their meat is used for food. Catch Tarpon on bait, because the fish is found in shallow waters and near the coast. The maximum speed that can float Tarpon, is 56 km/h. When the Tarpon is not enough oxygen, he quickly jumps out of the water to gulp air.
Orca (lat. Orcinus orca) is one of the largest mammals living in the oceans. It is capable of speeds up to 55 km/h. Such speed she needs to hunt different animals. Speed and intelligence make the orca into a terrible and dangerous predator.
Tiger shark (lat. Galeocerdo cuvier) is a predatory fish with a large mouth and sharp beveled teeth. Due to this structure of the teeth, the shark easily crushes a snail’s shell. The rate of sea turtles does not exceed 35 km/h and the tiger shark is capable of speeds up to 55 km/h. With such speed to catch up with the tortoise is easy. Then why does she need so much speed? Probably in order not to become a victim of a larger predator.
As you can see in the waters of the World ocean speed is necessary both for predator and for predator who wants to leave. Everything is relative: you hunt today, and tomorrow, we will hunt you.