The black sea reveals the secrets
Research expedition programme “Black sea 2006”, organized by the Institute of archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the Institute for archaeological Oceanography University of Rhode island USA (headed by Robert Ballard), was a planned search and investigation of underwater objects of cultural heritage of Ukraine in the Black sea on the shelf of the Crimea Peninsula from Cape Chersonese to Cape Meganom (as in the territorial waters of Ukraine and in its Maritime economic zone).
The main purpose of the expedition was to check the location 112 of the objects that are on the state account in the Institute of archaeology and coordinates are transferred to the state archival Fund of Ukraine, Russia, Germany, great Britain, Greece, Turkey, Bulgaria and Romania. The program included not only the search of sunken objects, but also their certification.
Search and research was conducted by research vessels of Ukraine and the USA as the fleet and in the terms approved by the program. The composition of the fleet consisted of: research vessel “Endeavor” (USA), the ship “Nautilus-1” (Ukraine), the ship “Frigate” (Ukraine), diving boat “RUMB” (Ukraine), diving boat “avalon” (Ukraine).
On bartusov was search the following equipment: side-scan sonars “HBO-100” with an operating frequency of 100 kHz (Ukraine) and “Echo” (USA) double the range of frequencies 100 and 400 kHz and a maximum limit of 3000 m. the object Identification was made remote-controlled underwater vehicles with remote control “Hercules” and “Arus” (USA).
For the first time scientists were able to carry out a regular survey of Black sea shelf at depths from 100 m up to 2090 as a result of the survey it was found that 90 % provided archive coordinates do not correspond to reality. Radial search in the squares of the probable location of objects area up to 5 km2 has not produced results. During the search, was discovered 494 not previously identified object, of which 25 facilities have been certified. The main task of the expedition – the beginning of the creation of underwater archaeological map of Ukraine – made.
Among the most interesting finds was the remains of a Byzantine ship of the IX X century with a cargo of narrow-necked jugs Taman type (90% overall). Discovered the sunken battleship of the Imperial black sea fleet of the early XX century “Empress Catherine II”. Passported three military sailing ship era of the Crimean war (near Sevastopol, Balaklava, Kacha) and submarine of the First world war. As a result of searches it was found the place of death of the destroyer “Dzerzhinsky”, which in 1942 were blown up by mines on the way into surrounded Sevastopol (killing 270 people). Also the place of death of the submarine “P-32” that went missing in 1943 Discovered and certified six aircraft during the Second world war and modern military helicopter type “K-20” with the crew on Board (likely time of death 1980). Completed a study of the steamship “Lenin”, which sank in 1941 during the evacuation from Odessa civilians (killed about 4,000 people).
In accordance with the joint programme podobnikjernej studies at the Institute of archaeology of NAS of Ukraine initiated the preparation of an International underwater archaeological expedition “Byzantium–2007”. The expedition will take place under the auspices of UNESCO.
From 15 January 2007 to 15 September 2007 it is planned to conduct underwater archaeological research of the Black sea near the southern coast of Crimea from Cape Chersonese to Cape Ayu-Dag. Participate in the expedition Ukraine, Russia, Poland, Germany, UK, USA.
The expedition consists of two phases. Main program – underwater excavations of the object No. 1062-n/a: remnants of a sailing-rowing ship of the Byzantine era (IX–X CC.). The expedition includes a set of underwater technical works on excavations and rise to the surface residues of a ship and its cargo – narrow-necked jugs Taman type. The expedition will take place at the point of detection of the facility: 30 miles South-West from Cape Chersonese to the depth of 133 m.
Additional program – underwater excavations of the object № 315-p/a: remnants of the ancient ship in the waters of the Cape of Plaka (the water area of the antique settlement of the Lamps, VI century BC); # 295-d: the submerged part of the ancient policy of the AKP (VI century BC); No. 515-n/a (66-gun ship of the line Imperial black sea fleet “Saint Alexander”, 1786); No. 1500-d/a (English barque “Agnes Blaikie”, 1854); No. 772-d/, and (a battleship of the Imperial black sea fleet “Catherine II”, 1908); No. 1754-p/and (Sturmovik “Il-2”, 1944); No. 130-d/and (the destroyer of the black sea fleet “Dzerzhinsky”, 1942); object No. 123-d/and (German transport “Totila”, 1944); research of place of death facilities № 180-p/and (sanitary transport “Armenia”) and No. 166-p/and (sanitary transport “Bialystok”). Depth: 100-1000 m. Search equipment-side scan sonar “Hydra-3” (Russia) and Autonomous unmanned underwater vehicle “Doerri” (USA) with multibeam sonar. The purpose of the program: search, examination and certification of military and civilian vessels, on Board which killed a large number of people, as well as certification and museumification of the objects opened in 2006, the work plan also lifting the nose the main anchor of the passenger ship “Admiral Nakhimov” black sea shipping company for the purpose of its installation in the form of a monument on the territory of the marine station in Odessa (at the place of registry of the vessel).
Search and research works are conducted by research vessels of Ukraine (R / V “Nautilus-1”) and the Federal Republic of Germany (“NRV Alliance”) as the fleet and offline. Extremely interesting event will be the test in the expedition of the supernova research of a submarine – proof multipurpose submarine apparatus Bluespace (Russian Federation, Saint-Petersburg State marine technical University).
Joint research includes the international composition of the scientific and technical specialists. Discovered during archaeological research material after his recovery, identification and primary conservation will be transferred to the Naval Museum of Ukraine.