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The device of the ponds for maintenance and cultivation

For the keeping, breeding and rearing fish use of different ponds: lined, dug, used peat quarries and instream ponds, cages and basins, small reservoirs and lakes.

The operation and construction of pond intended for fish production, requires compliance with certain rules, which correspond to fish and hydraulic requirements. First, you should determine the orientation of use of the reservoir, i.e. it is designed for the cultivation of food fish or for use in the design of the site. This will depend on its size, the device of the reservoir, depth, shape, mode of operation.

A pond for the cultivation of food fish is very different from the devices of decoration. To this reservoir are a bit different requirements. It does not make sense to do complex bottom topography, indented coastline, depths off the coast, laying on a bed of special soil, decorative elements. The main attention should be paid to the layout of the bed of the pond, the supply of the reset options and a good water supply. Fish farming will benefit, assuming the decision of questions of operation of the reservoir and construction. If the device pool determines much the size of the land plot, which is released under the dispensing reservoir. On the one hand, this ustroistvom or group of water bodies on a farm with a large land area, with another pond in the garden. We must remember that the pond in the garden mostly satisfied mostly your own needs, while the farmer needs to determine how important will be the farming in agricultural production. Following from this, determine its place in economic activity. Perhaps it will be agriculture, where the cultivation of fish will be your main activity or fish farming will become an integral part of the farm with the use of the reservoir complex. The latter area has received wide distribution as well as cultivation of fish goes well with other branches of agricultural production. Hence in the construction of the pond should not exclude the possibility of comprehensive use, for example for watering livestock, watering the garden, fire fighting purposes, breeding waterfowl. Continue reading

Black sea.

Flora and fauna

Over the past Millennium has developed this unique shape of the Black sea. This is the most fresh sea, with the lowest content of salt in sea water, the gentle sea-to-person around the globe!

The black sea is the most Northern subtropics in the world, awesome beauty of the southern nature. It walks under the shade of palm and eucalyptus trees. It’s the heady aroma of blooming magnolias and meadow grasses. The Mediterranean sea brought the most modern inhabitants of the Black sea. The few remaining survivors of the disaster relict freshwater species, including the famous Azov-black sea sturgeon, took refuge in the river deltas of the black sea region.

The flora of the Black sea

The flora of the Black sea includes 270 species of multicellular green, brown, red benthic algae (Cystoseira, Phyllophora, zoster, kladofora, Ulva, enteromorpha, etc.).

In the composition of phytoplankton in the Black sea — not less than six hundred species. Among them, dinoflagellates — loricate flagellates (prorocentrum micans, ceratium furca, small scripsiella Scrippsiella trochoidea, etc.), dinoflagellates (dinophysis, protoperidinium, alexandrium), various diatoms, etc.

The fauna of the Black sea

The fauna of the Black sea is markedly poorer than the Mediterranean sea. In the Black sea is home to 2.5 million species of animals (including 500 videodnevnik, 160 species of vertebrates — fish, mammals, 500 species of crustaceans, 200 species of mollusks, and the rest — invertebrates of different species), for comparison, in the Mediterranean — about 9 thousand species. Continue reading

Aquarium fish for the novice aquarist

Aquarium fish Cardinal

One of the most undemanding and amusing fish – cardinal. They are very hardy and eat any food. The water temperature should be 18-23 0 C, but the best cardinal feels at a temperature of 19 to 21 0 C. it is Necessary to remember that the cardinal fish are gregarious, and need to have them immediately a group of three or more individuals. For these aquarium fish, the content is really very simple. They are very clean, so clean the aquarium often there is no need. If left without food for some time, they can be interrupted and the algae. For the cardinals it’s very funny to watch, they are very lively and playful.

Cock

Another option for the novice aquarist – Siamese Cockerel. They are quite hardy. And, although for better health of any fish it is recommended to install in the aquarium filter, they can do without it, being content with very little space. Siamese males are larger than the cardinal. They need warmer water. They have a drawback – they are very aggressive, so they need to choose carefully. Cockerel can even quarreling with his brother. But still it is very beautiful, bright fish, which can decorate the life of its owner.

Catfish

Spotted catfish is the most livable fish. They are friendly and don’t mind individuals of any form. These fish for the aquarium is just perfect. They grow quite large – up to four inches in length. Catfish thermophilic – they need a temperature of 22 to 32 degrees. The special feed they require, because usually eat what remains of the feed other fish, but sometimes you need to treat them special food that is sold in pills. This food and sinking catfish will be able to get to it. Continue reading

Food for pond fish

Only fish make a pond come alive. Therefore, the garden pond with bass, carp, trout, goldfish, three-spined stickleback, ofrou, upperka, and of course, with the kings of ponds Koi – the undoubted decoration of Your garden, the pride of the owner and a place of relaxation for the whole family.

But, any aesthetic pleasure to please You, in return, requires care and attention, which certainly expresses, together with well-built filtration system. and properly adjusted, regular meals. Remember every type of fish requires special care and feeding! Power requirements of fish also depend on their age. And when choosing food, it would be useful to take into account the natural preferences of the fish.

In an artificial pond, the diet of the inhabitants of the reservoir is much poorer, which can lead to exhaustion, illness and death of Your wards. For this reason, the fish need no extra feeding.

There are currently a large number of feeds, recipes are created in accordance with nature. Only when such feeding is provided by the growth, health, vitality and magnificence of color of the fish. Also the quality of feed plays an important role in how much water will be contaminated by the excrement of fish. Low quality food poorly digested by fish and digest them only partially. This leads to the lack of nutrients in the body of fish and highly contaminated waste water of their life.

Selection of feed for pond fish on the market is truly immense, not to be lost, and really benefit Your fish, we offer the chefs from manufacturers that have a well-deserved reputation in this area. This pond fish feed Tetra(Tetra) . pond food JBL(Jibel) . food for pond fish Sera(Sera) . universal food for most species of ornamental fish from Tropical(tropical) . Modern food for pond fish is a varied healthy diet with all necessary nutrients and ballast substances, vitamins and microelements. Special food for pond fish contains specially selected natural color enhancers – carotenoids . which allow you to increase the intensity of the red, orange and yellow colors of ornamental fish. All of the properties of nutrients are preserved through careful manufacturing process of feed. This is evidenced by their fragrant smell, and Your fish crazy! Continue reading

Fishing for catfish on a trout line in may

Efficient Donk on soma in may

What sort of angler you are, whether an avid carpaticum or spinning, but sooner or later there is a desire to catch the biggest fish of our waters — catfish . Catch it from the shore or from a boat, the spinning and a ground rod. Here you choose, but I think that the most acceptable and efficient fishing gear for the novice angler will be the Donk . It is best to catch catfish in may , so at this time, it comes pre-spawning feeding period.

Tackle for catfish

So now we’re going to catch the owner of the river on bottom gear, which can act as a normal Donk and bottom snap-in with spinning rod . then this case should be treated with full responsibility.

For fishing it is important to choose a powerful blank of the rod with a large margin of safety — you need to understand that som, usually likes to deploy under fallen trees and driftwood and after your cuttings will certainly try to drag the tackle there. And here the responsibility will fall on the shoulders of your fishing rod. In pursuit of these giants it is advisable to use specialized carp or sea fishing rods. For catching catfish from the shore use two rods from 2,80 to 3,40 they Cost a decent amount, but they are worth it.

Vibramycine rod raises the question of the proper coil. Most fishermen somatico put a spinning reel with a large spool that allows you to use large stock of fishing line a large diameter (from 4000). Usually such coils are used for carp and sea fishing. Each spool on the spinning reel is written, what stock she holds the fishing line (the length and diameter of fishing line). Keep in mind that the braids that rule does not apply, it always fits smaller than the fishing line of the same diameter. Still advise you to put catfish baitcasting reels Continue reading

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