Nature and wildlife in Turkey
The ecological diversity of Turkey are not observed in any other country in the world! Combining the features inherent in the three ancient continents – Europe, Africa and Asia – Turkey landscapes like a beautiful Turkish carpet with its unique ornament. You will win the beauty of the majestic mountains of Taurus, the foot of which is covered by dense shrubs lemur, Laurel trees and thyme.
In the forests of Turkey comes one of the most poisonous snakes in the southern regions of the state often come across Scorpions. For the protection and conservation of fauna and flora in Turkey had established the National parks and reserves, the main ones are: Olympos-Beydaglari Karatepa-Aslantaş, Dilek-Yarimadasi, Uludag.
Fauna in Turkey
Wildlife in Turkey is very diverse, there are deer, bears, jackals, wild boars, leopards, lynx and wolves. Particularly impressive is the variety of birds across the landscape caught nightingales, swallows, and large birds of prey living in the steppes: eagles, falcons, hawks. Many aquatic birds such as herons, pelicans, and ducks. The shores of the Aegean and Mediterranean sea it is possible to see flamingos, which nest here.
Flamingos on the Aegean and Mediterranean build their nests in the river valleys, and winter is carried out on salt lakes of the foothills. On the South coast, timid and cutest in the world of sea turtles every year, lay eggs, giving life to a new generation.
The coastline of Turkey
Turkey is surrounded by sea on three sides: the Black sea in the North, Mediterranean sea to the South of the so-called Riviera of Antalya and the Aegean sea to the West. In the Northwest there is also an inland sea – the Marmara sea, located between the Straits of the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus, which is an important waterway connecting the Black sea with the rest of the world. Due to the fact that the mountains in the region of the Black sea stretching parallel to the coastline, the coast is fairly uniform, without recesses or projections.
The length of the Turkish coastline of the Black sea is 1.595 km and the salinity of the water reaches 17%.
The length of the coastline of the Mediterranean sea is 1.577 km and here too the mountain ranges are parallel to the coastline. The salinity of the Mediterranean sea is almost twice the salinity of the Black sea.
Aegean coastline is a continuation of the coastline of the Mediterranean sea, it is quite irregular because the mountains in this area go perpendicular in the Aegean sea. As a result, the length of the coastline of the Aegean sea is covering more than 2,800 miles of Shoreline captures the many Islands.
The Marmara sea is located entirely within the boundaries of the state and covers an area of 11.350 square kilometres of Coast line of the Marmara sea is over 1,000 km away; it connects with the Black sea through the Bosphorus and with the Mediterranean sea through the Dardanelles Strait.
Rivers Of Turkey
Most of the rivers of Turkey flow into the seas surrounding the country. The river Firat (Euphrates) and Dicle (Tiger) blend together in Iraq and flow into the Persian Gulf. The longest rivers of Turkey are Kizilirmak, Yesilirmak and Sakarya, flow into the Black sea. The Susurluk, Biga and Gonen flow into the sea of Marmara, the Gediz, Kucuk, Menderes, Buyuk Menderes and Meric flow into the Aegean, and the Seyhan, Ceyhan and Sell – in the Mediterranean sea.
Lakes Of Turkey
The richest in the number of lakes is the region of Eastern Anatolia. It is lake van (3.713 square kilometers) which is the largest in Turkey, and lake Ercek, Cildir and Khazars. In the area of the Taurus mountains also a lot of lakes: lakes Beysehir and Egirdir and lake with bitter water, such as Burdur and Acigoller. Around the sea of Marmara are located the lakes of Sapanca, Iznik, Ulubat, NAS, Terkos, Kucukcekmece and Buyukcekmece.
In Central Anatolia is the second largest lake of Turkey – Tuzgolu, water of this lake is shallow and very salty. Lake Aksehir and Eber are also located in this region. Due to the fact that over the last thirty years dams were built, there appeared several great lakes. In addition to lake, close to the Ataturk dam, which started to collect water in January 1990 and, one can also cite the following examples: Keban, Karakaya, Altinkaya, Adiguzel, Kilickaya, Karacaoren, Menzelet, Kapulukaya, Hirfanli, Sariyar and Demirkopru.
Turkey is surrounded on three sides by the sea. Marine waters are rich in fish. In coastal cities fish and other seafood – lobster, lobster, shrimp, mussels variety of tables. Tulips, as in England, in Turkey too popular. They decorate with bright colors, in the period of its flowering, endless plains. The diversity and abundance grown in Turkey, of fruits and vegetables defies description. Widely spread throughout the beautiful gardens of orange, tangerine, lemon and pomegranate trees. Turkey is home to such well-known fruits like cherries, apricots, almonds and figs. Surrounded by crystal clear waters of shining seas, located in the four directions, Turkey generously offers you a coast length of 8000 km In Turkey is rich in flora and fauna.
In the seas of Turkey are inhabited by such fish as flounder, tuna, mackerel, Bonito, common shrimp, lobster, crayfish and mussels. In the southern part of the state come across sea turtles that are on preberite lay eggs.