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The device of the ponds for maintenance and cultivation

For the keeping, breeding and rearing fish use of different ponds: lined, dug, used peat quarries and instream ponds, cages and basins, small reservoirs and lakes.

The operation and construction of pond intended for fish production, requires compliance with certain rules, which correspond to fish and hydraulic requirements. First, you should determine the orientation of use of the reservoir, i.e. it is designed for the cultivation of food fish or for use in the design of the site. This will depend on its size, the device of the reservoir, depth, shape, mode of operation.

A pond for the cultivation of food fish is very different from the devices of decoration. To this reservoir are a bit different requirements. It does not make sense to do complex bottom topography, indented coastline, depths off the coast, laying on a bed of special soil, decorative elements. The main attention should be paid to the layout of the bed of the pond, the supply of the reset options and a good water supply. Fish farming will benefit, assuming the decision of questions of operation of the reservoir and construction. If the device pool determines much the size of the land plot, which is released under the dispensing reservoir. On the one hand, this ustroistvom or group of water bodies on a farm with a large land area, with another pond in the garden. We must remember that the pond in the garden mostly satisfied mostly your own needs, while the farmer needs to determine how important will be the farming in agricultural production. Following from this, determine its place in economic activity. Perhaps it will be agriculture, where the cultivation of fish will be your main activity or fish farming will become an integral part of the farm with the use of the reservoir complex. The latter area has received wide distribution as well as cultivation of fish goes well with other branches of agricultural production. Hence in the construction of the pond should not exclude the possibility of comprehensive use, for example for watering livestock, watering the garden, fire fighting purposes, breeding waterfowl. Continue reading

Food for pond fish

Only fish make a pond come alive. Therefore, the garden pond with bass, carp, trout, goldfish, three-spined stickleback, ofrou, upperka, and of course, with the kings of ponds Koi – the undoubted decoration of Your garden, the pride of the owner and a place of relaxation for the whole family.

But, any aesthetic pleasure to please You, in return, requires care and attention, which certainly expresses, together with well-built filtration system. and properly adjusted, regular meals. Remember every type of fish requires special care and feeding! Power requirements of fish also depend on their age. And when choosing food, it would be useful to take into account the natural preferences of the fish.

In an artificial pond, the diet of the inhabitants of the reservoir is much poorer, which can lead to exhaustion, illness and death of Your wards. For this reason, the fish need no extra feeding.

There are currently a large number of feeds, recipes are created in accordance with nature. Only when such feeding is provided by the growth, health, vitality and magnificence of color of the fish. Also the quality of feed plays an important role in how much water will be contaminated by the excrement of fish. Low quality food poorly digested by fish and digest them only partially. This leads to the lack of nutrients in the body of fish and highly contaminated waste water of their life.

Selection of feed for pond fish on the market is truly immense, not to be lost, and really benefit Your fish, we offer the chefs from manufacturers that have a well-deserved reputation in this area. This pond fish feed Tetra(Tetra) . pond food JBL(Jibel) . food for pond fish Sera(Sera) . universal food for most species of ornamental fish from Tropical(tropical) . Modern food for pond fish is a varied healthy diet with all necessary nutrients and ballast substances, vitamins and microelements. Special food for pond fish contains specially selected natural color enhancers – carotenoids . which allow you to increase the intensity of the red, orange and yellow colors of ornamental fish. All of the properties of nutrients are preserved through careful manufacturing process of feed. This is evidenced by their fragrant smell, and Your fish crazy! Continue reading

What kind of water suitable for the aquarium?

In aquarium practice is usually to use tap or well water, which in its properties is very diverse. Water is oxide of hydrogen (H2O) and consists of two parts hydrogen and one part oxygen. In the water many dissolved substances (oxygen 21%, nitrogen 76%, carbon dioxide of 0.3%). Water in contact with soil, plants, fish, the products of decay and alkaline earth elements, acquires new qualities. The water in the aquarium must be free of any impurity metals must not contain large amounts of salts of magnesium, calcium and any other components that are harmful to aquarium inhabitants.

In rural areas often use wells, river and lake water. Before pouring water in an aquarium must be heated to a temperature of 70 C, thereby partially release water from undesirable microorganisms.

Water, potable, and suitable for the aquarium, of course, if it’s not mineral water. At home to fill in the most suitable aquarium tap water, which in most geographical areas of our country is of medium stiffness with seasonal fluctuations within 8 – 12 ‘. Excessive chlorine in it, you can delete, defending water in non-metallic container for 1 – 2 days (complete disappearance of released bubbles), active aeration (10 -12 hours),filtration through activated carbon, adding to it the hyposulphite (thiosulphate) sodium (1 g/10 l) or by boiling for 10 minutes. The last method, the water loses oxygen and must be aerated.

The use of pond water is not recommended, and the water is rain and snow the city is not suitable for the aquarium, as it contains large amounts of harmful solid, liquid and gaseous state. In rural areas, the use of such water is possible, but it needs to be filtered from dust and other substances. Continue reading

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