jaws

The underwater ocean world of giant predatory fish.

The shark with the Latin name is Galeocerdo cuvier biologists determined in 1822, and from that time she was nicknamed the tiger shark. These sharks got their name due to the dark stripes and spots that cover the body of the “minors” of this species. Also in this title to show all the cruelty that is inherent in the shark, which is the second most deadly shark after the great white.

It should be noted that the tiger shark is a part of the family Carcharhinidae Requiem sharks. Despite its reputation, this predator also got another nickname: “sea scavenger” or “scavenger of the sea”.

It turns out that the tiger shark can eat anything from sea turtles and seals, which constitute the bulk of its diet, to more exotic kinds of “food” – rubber tires, beer bottles, nails, a driver’s license, clothes, explosives, crocodile heads, cats, pigs, and even pens, with all their inhabitants (there were precedents). In Australia, for example, was caught tiger shark with a whole and intact head of the horse in the stomach!

Why the tiger shark is called tiger?

So who are these deadly and eternally hungry predators? To begin with, what is this species different from other sharks? Well, as we already mentioned, for shark’s distinctive “tiger” colour, which is most noticeable in young specimens. Tiger sharks have a white or yellowish belly, the rest of the body is painted in cool colors range from bluish-green to dark gray.

At birth these predators have a length of from 50 to 70 centimeters. They grow much larger. An adult tiger shark can reach 4 meters in length and weighing around 680 pounds. Some individuals can grow up to 5 meters and weight gain up to 900 pounds. Continue reading

Fish

There are freshwater and marine fish. How do they live in the water? They breathe the oxygen dissolved in it.

Every time you open your mouth, the fish absorbs the water. The oxygen dissolved in the water absorbed inside the body of the fish straight into the bloodstream. The wastewater is then discharged through the gills, usually located on the sides of the fish’s body, behind the head.

Mudflats jumpers

Mudskipper is a fish with very interesting habits. There are jumpers in the Eastern Atlantic, Indian and West Pacific ocean. It lives most often in the quiet bays near river mouths. This remarkable fish that at low tide remains on land and, using fins and a special breast suction Cup, can climb trees to a height of more human growth: here it preys on insects.

In fresh water rivers and lakes inhabited by many species of fish. Freshwater fish feed on different food. Some eat algae, other aquatic insects and mollusks. Some fish eat other fish; they are real predators.

In certain types of freshwater fish are found only in one river or lake, others dwell in many places. Sometimes fish eggs is transferred to a new place, glued to the feet of waterfowl, and sometimes fish can move people. Some fish themselves swim in other rivers. When the salmon is four years old, he leaves the river and goes to sea.Having lived in the sea and two more years, he returns to lay her eggs. Many salmon return to their native river, but some moved to other rivers. Continue reading

The variety of fish.

Benthic and demersal fish, mainly marine. Sedentary predators with a large head. Characterized by the ability to produce sounds, including very loud. 1 family, 22 of the genus, 78 species.

Fish-toad ( Opsanus tau ), inhabiting the Atlantic coast of North America, remarkable ability to produce sounds, the volume of which exceeds 100 decibels (the volume that causes the soreness).

The Detachment Of Wildcookie — Lophiiformes

A group of marine, mostly deep-sea fish with a remarkable appearance. The first ray of the first dorsal fin (if any) is on the head and is transformed into a special body — Illizi (“rod”) that is used to lure food into his mouth. Gill opening small, pipe-like. 18 families, 66 genera, 313 species.

Sea clowns (SEM. Antennariidae) — a typical fish of coral reefs. They are remarkably camouflaged due to its unusual appearance.

For many deep-sea angler fish typical of dwarf parasitic males. Meeting of the partners at great depth is unlikely. In these species the male tends to find a female and latch on to her mouth. After some time the male prirastaet to the DOE, most of its organs degenerate but the testes of remanent can fertilize eggs of the female. The epididymis, located posterior to the corner of the mouth of a female angler in the photo below — attached dwarf male.

European monkfish ( Lophius piscatorius ) is a species of angler fish found in the Black sea. The next two photos shows this quite large (up to 2 m.) fish, one third length of which is head. Above the upper edge of the mouth is small ilici (not visible). Continue reading

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