appearance

Dangerous dwellers of the Mediterranean sea

Upon closer inspection, the monster turned out to be some third-rate, fit only to frighten their young children. In a word, to the Maldives with their tropical abundance of all poisonous reptiles our sea obviously does not hold. However, read it and was horrified. It turns out that affectionate and warm Mediterranean sea just teeming with all sorts of creatures, ready to grab the tender, defenseless body of the swimmer, to wrest from it a piece of meat to poison or, at worst, a painful sting.

However, in 15 years of searching for adventure and snorkeling the biggest trouble that happened to us, is hopelessly corrupt bottoms, on which “spit” ink a startled octopus out of water.

The main principle for anyone wanting to dive into the sea plain and simple, as a rake: “I don’t know – don’t touch” . The more dangerous animals and the more troubles it can cause the bather, the careless behaves closer and admit to myself, naively believing that everyone is familiar with her bad temper and will not touch.
If you sobiratelnitsa on wild stony beaches, to the main principle “don’t touch anything” it would be good to add another special Slippers . no sea urchin is not terrible. Continue reading

Black sea.

Flora and fauna

Over the past Millennium has developed this unique shape of the Black sea. This is the most fresh sea, with the lowest content of salt in sea water, the gentle sea-to-person around the globe!

The black sea is the most Northern subtropics in the world, awesome beauty of the southern nature. It walks under the shade of palm and eucalyptus trees. It’s the heady aroma of blooming magnolias and meadow grasses. The Mediterranean sea brought the most modern inhabitants of the Black sea. The few remaining survivors of the disaster relict freshwater species, including the famous Azov-black sea sturgeon, took refuge in the river deltas of the black sea region.

The flora of the Black sea

The flora of the Black sea includes 270 species of multicellular green, brown, red benthic algae (Cystoseira, Phyllophora, zoster, kladofora, Ulva, enteromorpha, etc.).

In the composition of phytoplankton in the Black sea — not less than six hundred species. Among them, dinoflagellates — loricate flagellates (prorocentrum micans, ceratium furca, small scripsiella Scrippsiella trochoidea, etc.), dinoflagellates (dinophysis, protoperidinium, alexandrium), various diatoms, etc.

The fauna of the Black sea

The fauna of the Black sea is markedly poorer than the Mediterranean sea. In the Black sea is home to 2.5 million species of animals (including 500 videodnevnik, 160 species of vertebrates — fish, mammals, 500 species of crustaceans, 200 species of mollusks, and the rest — invertebrates of different species), for comparison, in the Mediterranean — about 9 thousand species. Continue reading

What kind of water suitable for the aquarium?

In aquarium practice is usually to use tap or well water, which in its properties is very diverse. Water is oxide of hydrogen (H2O) and consists of two parts hydrogen and one part oxygen. In the water many dissolved substances (oxygen 21%, nitrogen 76%, carbon dioxide of 0.3%). Water in contact with soil, plants, fish, the products of decay and alkaline earth elements, acquires new qualities. The water in the aquarium must be free of any impurity metals must not contain large amounts of salts of magnesium, calcium and any other components that are harmful to aquarium inhabitants.

In rural areas often use wells, river and lake water. Before pouring water in an aquarium must be heated to a temperature of 70 C, thereby partially release water from undesirable microorganisms.

Water, potable, and suitable for the aquarium, of course, if it’s not mineral water. At home to fill in the most suitable aquarium tap water, which in most geographical areas of our country is of medium stiffness with seasonal fluctuations within 8 – 12 ‘. Excessive chlorine in it, you can delete, defending water in non-metallic container for 1 – 2 days (complete disappearance of released bubbles), active aeration (10 -12 hours),filtration through activated carbon, adding to it the hyposulphite (thiosulphate) sodium (1 g/10 l) or by boiling for 10 minutes. The last method, the water loses oxygen and must be aerated.

The use of pond water is not recommended, and the water is rain and snow the city is not suitable for the aquarium, as it contains large amounts of harmful solid, liquid and gaseous state. In rural areas, the use of such water is possible, but it needs to be filtered from dust and other substances. Continue reading

Why in the Black sea has become a little fish?
Much worse than with the anchovy and sprats. is the case with the number of predatory fish in the Black sea. In the 1980-1990-ies completely disappeared the population of palamidi,…

Continue reading →

Aquarium, aquarium fish and aquatic plants
Aquarium (lat. aqua - water) - a container made of glass, which is a different shape, but often rectangular, containing an aquarium fish . plants and other aquatic animals in…

Continue reading →

Why in the Black sea has become a little fish?
Much worse than with the anchovy and sprats. is the case with the number of predatory fish in the Black sea. In the 1980-1990-ies completely disappeared the population of palamidi,…

Continue reading →