Beautiful and popular fish
Brocade pterygoplichthys (Pterygoplichthys gibbiceps) is a beautiful and popular fish, also known as brocade com. It was first described in 1854 as Ancistrus gibbiceps by Knerem and as Liposarcus altipinnis Gunther. Now he is known under the name of (Pterygoplichthys gibbiceps). Pterygoid very sturdy fish that eats algae in large quantities. A pair of adults can be kept clean even very large aquariums.
Brocade catfish, may contain different fish, because the nature of his peace. Can be aggressive and territorial towards other pericam if they didn’t grow up together. Pterygoplichthys need a large aquarium of at least 400 litres for an adult pair. In the aquarium to put driftwood, in order that they could scrape off with them fouling, the main food source for brocade catfish. Also they digest the pulp, scraping it from snags, and they are necessary for normal digestion. Brocade catfish — fish night, so if you nourish him, it is better to do at night, just before turning the light off.
Please note that although they eat mostly vegetarian food, nature, catfish are also carrion birds. In the aquarium, they can consume at night jesuus the sides of discus and angelfish, so do not keep them flat and slow fish. Also, brocade pterygoplichthys can reach very large sizes (35-45cm), when you buy them, they are fairly small, but growing albeit slowly, but may soon become too big for the aquarium.
Now under the name of brocade pterygoplichthys worldwide is sold to 100 different types of som, mainly different in color, a complete classication yet. To distinguish brocade soma easy of the dorsal fin. He has 10 or more rays, when others have 8 or less.
Com pterygoplichthys aquarium — big fish lived. It can grow in nature, up to 50 cm in length and live over 20 years in aquariums pterygoplichthys the lives of 10 to 15 years. An elongated catfish with a dark body and a large head. The body is covered with bony plates, except the abdomen, which is smooth. Small eyes set high on head. Their characteristic feature is a high and beautiful dorsal fin, which can be long up to 15 cm, this catfish resembles the marine sailfish. Juveniles of pericom has the same coloration as the adults.
The maintenance and feeding brocade pterihoplihta
The recommended temperature is between 24 to 30 C. the pH of 6.5-7.5. stiffness medium. Recommended weekly water change of about 25% by volume.
It is very important to feed the brocade pterihoplihta variety of plant food. The ideal combination is 80% vegetable and 20% animal food. Vegetables can be given — spinach, carrots, cucumbers, zucchini. Now sold a large number of special feeds for catfish, they are well balanced and can be the basis of the diet. In combination with vegetables will be a full ration. Live foods it is better to use frozen, usually pterygoplichthys pick them up from the bottom, after feeding the other fish. From live feed it is preferable to give the shrimp, earthworms, bloodworms.
Large specimens can snatch poorly rooted species of plants and eat the tender kinds — cinema, lemongrass.
Just pay attention to the fact that pariki load up as the fish is quite slow, and may simply not have time for the other inhabitants of the aquarium.
Brocade pterygoplichthys fight with each other, straightening the pectoral fins. This behavior is characteristic not only for them but also for the whole family chain soms in General. Exposing a side of the pectoral fins, the fish visually increases in size and also difficult to the predator to swallow it.
In nature brocade catfish live in conditions of seasonality. During the dry season, pterygoplichthys can bury itself in the mud and hibernate until the rainy season.
Sometimes, being removed from the water itself emits a Sizzling sound, scientists believe that this serves to deter predators.
Big fish, and so must be neighbours: large cichlids, knife fish, giant gourami, polypterus. The obvious advantages include the fact that the size and brendirovannoj of pterygoplichthys allows them to live with fish that consume other fish, such as flower the horns.
As for herbalists, there pterygoplichthys in Travnik nothing to do. This voracious and sweeping everything in its path Rhino, it quickly all you have to mow and chew, eat plants.
Pterygoplichthys grow slowly and can live in the aquarium up to 15 years. Since the fish are nocturnal, it is essential to ensure the shelter where she can rest during the day.
In the aquarium if brocade will choose some shelter, it will protect not only from other brocade, but from all fish. Injuries rarely, but it can scare.
How to distinguish male and female
To determine the sex very difficult. Males are brighter and larger, the pectoral fins spines. Experienced breeders distinguish the female from the male genital pterihoplihta on sobachku in Mature individuals.
Breeding in the home aquarium it is impossible. Individuals sold, propagated on farms. This is due to the fact that in nature, fish need for spawning, deep tunnels dug in the shore mud. Males remain after spawning in the tunnels and guarding fry.As the burrows are quite large they are difficult to ensure in a simple aquarium. In commercial cultivation the result is putting the fish in the ponds, with great volume and soft ground.