A marine aquarium at home

Among Hobbies breed in the home fish stands out marine aquarium. The occupation is more troublesome than keeping a freshwater aquarium, and requires specific knowledge and skills. A saltwater aquarium requires a much larger area, as well as certain equipment and the correct selection of all living organisms.

Whoever decided to acquire your personal sea must remember that the marine aquarium it is a science, and need to prepare for the thorny path. The sea in the house is possible, but it will take a lot of effort, patience, and desire to learn large amounts of information, as well as regular maintenance of marine aquarium.

Choosing a saltwater aquarium and a place for him

The sea aquarium has one property, very similar to those of fresh-water: the more volume, the more stable the balance of the ecosystem inside it. But in the pursuit of great volume, it is important not to forget about the proportions of the aquarium: the aquarium is very difficult, if it has too high walls.

The equipment of a marine aquarium should be placed so that, when performing its functions, it does not spoil the interior of the room. That is why, very often you can find marine aquariums installed in niches or on special podiums: at the bottom, underneath, and on each side is all external equipment. In a niche above markkinatalouden should be free space: it will be easier to clean. feed the fish and perform other manipulations.

Create a comfortable environment for the inhabitants

Water: composition and maintain it

Sea water in most cases is created by artificial means. To do this, buy artificial sea salt in a specialty store. The included manual, where indicated, in what proportions and concentrations of its breed. To check the density of water, use a hygrometer. This indicator changes when you change the temperature of water. The salinity of the water should be selected depending on which marine fish will inhabit.

The water in the aquarium evaporates gradually, and its reduction increases the specific weight of salts. Therefore, it is necessary to add unsalted water, so as not to disrupt the pH balance. Care for a marine aquarium includes regular partial water changes. In this case, the salty sea water topped with the obligatory control of the specific weight of salt in the total volume of water.

Lighting

Reasons for high quality aquarium lighting a few:

the most obvious — a better view of its inhabitants;

when a well-chosen light soft corals and polyps, powered through the process of photosynthesis, will live a full life and not perish;

marine fish will feel better in conditions close to natural.

Why you need the equipment

The main task that performs most of the equipment in a marine aquarium – purification of water from waste products of organisms (proteins) and their decays. The proteins are substances of the amino group, which with the help of special bacteria in the environment are converted to nitrites. Nitrites under the influence of other bacteria and oxygen to nitrates. All of these materials in varying degrees, toxic and it is important to prevent critical concentrations in water, when they are literally living in poison fish and other inhabitants. Maintenance of marine aquarium largely boils down to proper cleaning, all kinds of filters .

Choose “population” for aquarium

What organisms will inhabit the aquarium depends on the complexity of creating an enabling environment and care for the aquarium. Inhabited by types of organisms, marine aquariums are divided into fish, and mixed reef.

Marine fish

Among all possible types of marine aquariums simple and easy for beginners is a fish. To adjust all the conditions of life needed exclusively for fish, which can equally eat. That is why he is considered the best marine aquarium for beginners. However, most hobbyists do not stop, and because these aquariums are only the starting point in marine aquariums.

It is difficult to maintain a balance in the aquarium, populated by fish that feed on plankton and fish, which are active predators.

Invertebrates

Marine fish for the aquarium should be chosen with consideration of all of the organisms that will inhabit the Aqua system.

It is difficult to contain aquariums with simultaneous dwelling fish and invertebrates. The latter include octopuses and crabs. shrimp and sea cucumbers.

Corals

corals

The most difficult to care for and the content of a reef saltwater aquarium. Corals being more demanding to the composition of water and its filter, as well as to the spectrum of artificial light. Part of corals are active predators of small tentacles, which need to feed live food, others absorb only light.

Features start a saltwater aquarium

Marine aquarium for beginners starts with its launch. This process is very different from starting a freshwater aquarium. To marine aquarium fish feel comfortable and do not hurt they need to create all the conditions before they are released into the water.

To run marine aquarium need in several stages, each of which takes time. At this stage you need to be patient.

At first, we set all the decorative elements. They must not be metal. Because sea water is more aggressive compared to freshwater, such scenery. collapse and poison the fish. Marine aquariums must be grounded.

The water undergoes several stages of sedimentation, only then add salt. If the aquarium is not a fish and mixed reef or to create a sufficient population of plankton, it needs a long time to live without large organisms (fish, molluscs, corals).

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